The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home- The Top Ten

The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home- The Top Ten

In this episode of our programming series, here is an article on the top Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home and become a pro. we have here an in-depth analysis and well-researched classifications of the top 10 programming languages for real developers and web development gurus.

The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-
The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-

First of all, let us start with the introduction. In this introduction, if you are a novice in the field of coding, you will be introduced to a lot of concepts.

Introduction

There are over 700 programming languages based on what Wikipedia has said. There are hundreds of thousands of programmers in the world who are good at these various languages. To be considered a guru in any of this language, you must have learned and mastered it perfectly.

In contrast to what is above, with the research I have done on these top 10 programming languages in the world. I have learned that for you to be a genius and professional coder, you have to be a master of one of the programming languages and have at least 70% of another programming language.

The Art of Mastery

I’m going to show you how you can become a master in one particular language. Remember that a jack of all trade is a master of none. So pick one and become a master. Also, to further explanation on the topic top 10 programming languages. I have a quote from the legendary Bruce Lee.  “I fear not the man who has practiced 10,000 kicks once, but I fear the man who has practiced one kick 10,000 times”. In the year 2020, maybe you need to learn a new programming language or do you need to work on the languages you already know as Bruce Lee has said? You know better.

Here is my candid advice for you, if you are setting out into the programming world for the first time, try and learn only one language, but if you have already learned one, then it’s time you move to something new.

In this subject, the best 10 programming dialects on the planet, You need to consider as a programmer or developer, to delve deep into this content for more skill and knowledge.

Learning Prerequisites

There must be something demanded of you or a price to pay to learn and become a master programmer. The price is worth paying because of the gains involved in learning a language.  It needs a lot of your time, energy, brain cycle, and mental ability.

Although there are over 700 programming language, the demand and popularity of language changes each year. There are new programming language coming up with so much attractive feature, but for the scope of this article, we shall deal only on the top programming language. So keep reading.

If you are just setting out to learn programming for the first time, or if you are adding a new language to the ones you have already mastered, you can choose from our list because it is vetted and verified. Here are the rating criteria we have used to pick out the Best Programming languages.

Criteria for Rating

  • The language is firmly established in the software development industry.
  • Gets ranked on famous and popular programming Languages sites
  • Popularity increases or is stable and does not drop sharply.
  • They have a great collection of libraries, frameworks and support tools, and they have a great community.
  • In the labor market, they command a good salary.

So without much ado, here are the top programming languages without further delay. After from the number one which is python and it has been rated worldwide on my sites as the best programming language, every other

1.     Python

The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-
The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-

Python was developed by Guido van Rossum in the 1990s. It was a side project, but little did he know that it will become one of the world’s most popular programming languages. Though not as popular as C/C++ and JavaScript, and not disruptive in nature, the language focuses on developer experience and tried to lower the barrier to programming. So that school kids can also write production-grade code. In 2008, Python went through a massive overhaul and improvement with the cost of introducing significant breaking changes by introducing Python 3. Today, Python is universal and is used in many areas of software development. With no sign of slowing down or lagging in terms of user experience.

Feautures of Pyton

  • Python has fantabulous integration with C/C++ and might seamlessly offload the central processing unit significant tasks to C/C++. Also, Python provides powerful toolset for arithmetic, Statistics, and machine Science with varied libraries like NumPy, Pandas, SciPy, Scikit-Learn. As a result, Python dominates the Machine Learning, Deep Learning, knowledge Science landscape, and alternative scientific domain.
  • The USP of Python is its language style. It’s extremely productive, elegant, simple, and nevertheless powerful. Python has set the gold customary in terms of developer expertise and heavily influenced fashionable languages like Go, Julia.
  • Python features a terribly active community and support. You’ll be able to continually notice enough Python libraries and frameworks. Notwithstanding whether or not you’re engaged on Enterprise Applications, knowledge Science, or AI.

Python Popularity

In recent times, Pyton has experience tremendous Popularity and growth in demand. Programming language ranking site PYPL ranked Python as the number one programming language with huge popularity gains in 2019.

The programming language provides a great starting point for beginners. Talking about those who are looking for a better job, you should definitely learn Python ASAP! A lot of startups are using Python as their primary backend stack and so, this opens up a huge opportunity for full-stack Python developers.

2.     JavaScript

The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-
The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-

As a frontend programming language, JavaScript is mostly use to design interactive frontend applications. A good example. is when you click on  a button which opens up a popup, the logic is implemented via JavaScript.

Nowadays, many organizations are using Node.js. Node.js lets developers use JavaScript for server-side scripting—running scripts server-side to produce dynamic web page content before the page is sent to the user’s web browser.

It’s impossible to be a software developer these days without using JavaScript in some way. According to Stack Overflow’s 2019 Developer Survey, JavaScript is the most popular language among developers for the seventh year in a row. Nearly 70 percent of survey respondents reported that they had used JavaScript in the past year.

Along with HTML and CSS, JavaScript is essential to front-end web development. A majority of the web’s most popular sites, from Facebook and Twitter to Gmail and YouTube, rely on JavaScript to create interactive web pages and dynamically display content to users.

Now, let us look at the pros and the cons

Pros:

  • Client-side JavaScript is very fast. It runs immediately within the web browser as there is no compilation requirement
  • Gives a richer interface to a website
  • Highly versatile
  • It is the programming language of the web
  • Reduced website server demand by virtue of being client-side
  • Regular updates via the ECMA specification
  • Several add-ons, such as Greasemonkey, for extending the functionality
  • Simplistic implementation
  • Plenty of resources and a mammoth community support
  • Used for building a diverse range of applications
  • Works exceptionally well with other programming languages

Cons:

  • Absence of copy or equivalent method
  • Allows only single inheritance
  • As the code executes on the user machine, many people choose to disable JavaScript due to the fear of being exploited for a malicious intent
  • Might be interpreted differently by different browsers

3.     Java

The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-
The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-

Java is a very disruptive programming Language up to date. In the 1990s, the business based applications were developed using C++, and it was it was complicated and platform dependednt.  James Gosling and his team in Sun lowered the barrier to develop business applications. By offering a much simpler, object-oriented, interpreted programming language that also supports Multi-threading programming.

If you are looking for a development based job at a large organization, Java is the language that you should learn. Java is also widely used in Android App Development. Almost any business today needs an Android Application owing to the fact that there are billions of Android users today.

Pros:

  • An abundance of ASCII text file libraries
  • Automatic memory allocation and trash pickup
  • Follows the OOP paradigm
  • Has the stack allocation system
  • A high degree of platform independence because of the JVM feature
  • Highly secure because of the exclusion of specific pointer and inclusion of a security manager accountable for shaping the access of categories
  • Ideal for distributed computing
  • Offers a galore of arthropod genus for accomplishing totally different tasks, like info association, networking, utilities, and XML parsing
  • Supports multithreading

Cons:

  • Absence of templates limits making high-quality knowledge structures
  • Expensive memory management
  • Slower than natively compiled programming languages, like C and C++

4.     PHP

The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-
The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-

As far as backend programming is concerned, C++ is the Most Popular  programming language. Though PHP is facing tough competition from Python and JavaScript, the market still needs a large number of PHP developers. Those who wish to join a reasonably well old organization as a backend developer should aim to learn PHP programming.

Let us see the pros and cons

Pros:

  • Abundance of powerful frameworks
  • Easy to urge started for creating websites
  • First-class debugging with Xdebug
  • Gigantic community support and an enormous scheme
  • Lots of automation tools for testing and deploying applications
  • No insufficiency of excellent automation tools for readying and testing
  • Supports object-oriented and purposeful programming paradigms

Cons:

  • Developing websites fully in PHP is slower as compared to using alternative choices
  • Lacks in terms of security
  • Poor error handling
  • Requires extensions to a larger extent

5.     C#

The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-
The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-

C# is developed by Microsoft and is a general purpose language. It is widely used backend progamming language used by building games (using Unity), building Window mobile phone apps and lots of other use cases.

During the 1960s and 1970s, every cycle of the CPU and every byte of memory was expensive. Dennis Ritchie, a Bell lab engineer, has developed a procedural, general-purpose programming language that is compiled directly to machine language during the 1969–1973. C programming offers low-level access to memory and gives full control over the underlying hardware.

Here are the pros and cons

Pros:

  • As pointer varieties aren’t allowable, a lot of safer than C and C++
  • Ability to figure with shared codebases
  • Automatic ascendable and updateable
  • Component-oriented, object-oriented programing language
  • Follows a syntax almost like the C programing language
  • Fully integrated with the .NET library
  • Ideal for all sorts of Windows development
  • Rich sets of library functions and knowledge varieties
  • Supports kind safety
  • Quick compilation and execution times

Cons:

  • Allows pointers in ‘unsafe’ blocks
  • Almost all variables ar references and memory deallocation is implicit employing a garbage man
  • Offers less flexibility than C++
  • Requires good effort and time to be told
  • Resolving errors needs serious experience and information

6.     C/C++

The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-
The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-

C/C++ is like the bread and butter of programming. Almost all low-level systems such as operating systems, file systems, etc are written in C/C++. If you wish to be a system-level programmer, C/C++ is the language you should learn. C++ is also widely used by competitive programmers owing to the fact that it is extremely fast and stable. C++ also provides something called STL – Standard Template Library.

Working with Dennis Ritchie (C Creator) Bjarne Stroustrup, heavily influenced by C, he created C++ as an extension of C, adding OOP features. C++ has evolved over time into a multi-paradigm, general-purpose programming language. Like C, C++ also offers low-level memory access and directly compiled to machine instructions.

Pros

  • A galore of compilers and libraries to figure with [C++]
  • Eases accessing blocked or hidden objects by alternative programming languages [C]
  • Faster execution of programs than most programming languages [C/C++]
  • Forms the idea for understanding a lot of complicated programming languages [C/C++]
  • Language of selection for multi-device, multi-platform app development [C++]
  • Offers an excellent degree of movableness [C]
  • Procedure-oriented language with a bunch of perform modules and blocks. These build debugging, testing, and maintaining the programs easier [C]
  • Programs ar a lot of economical and straightforward to know [C/C++]
  • Rich perform library [C++]
  • Runs getting ready to the system hardware and thus, offers an occasional level of abstraction [C/C++]
  • Support exception handling and performance overloading [C++]
  • Wide variety of application domains, like games, GUI applications, and time period mathematical simulations [C++]

Cons:

  • Complex syntax [C/C++]
  • Doesn’t support program namespace [C]
  • Incapable of determination fashionable, real-world programming challenges [C]
  • Less economical object-oriented system compared to alternative OOP-based programming languages [C++]
  • Need to manually produce the high-level constructs [C]
  • No trash pickup or dynamic memory allocation [C/C++]
  • No run-time checking [C/C++]
  • No strict sort checking [C]
  • Not a straightforward first-choice for learning programming [C/C++]
  • Plagued by the problems of buffer overflow and memory corruption [C/C++]
  • Smaller commonplace library [C]

7.     Swift

The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-

Are you interested in mobile app development and Apple Products. Swift is the place for a perfect start. It was first announced by apple in 2014. Swift is a relatively new programming language used to develop iOS and macOS applications. Apple iPhone, for instance, has captured a significant market share and is giving a tough competition to Android. Therefore, those who want to serve this community can learn Swift programming.

Below are the pros and cons

Pros:

  • Automatic memory management prevents memory leaks
  • Backed by Apple
  • Better measurability permits simply adding functionalities to the merchandise and/or transfer in further developers
  • Easy to feature new options
  • Encourages developers to put in writing clean and legible code
  • English-like syntax makes it extremely legible
  • Interoperable with Objective-C
  • It is attainable to integrate Server-side Swift with any technology
  • Makes code sharing higher and development method quicker once used for each frontend and backend development
  • Very fast as compared to alternative widespread programming languages, like Objective-C and Python

Cons:

  • Limited community support and resources
  • Somewhat unstable thanks to being a comparatively new arrival on the programming scene
  • No support for inheritance projects; may be used just for iOS7 or later apps

8.     Go Programming Language

The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-
The Best Programming Languages You Can Learn at Home-

Google has chosen to make this language one of their favourite. Go is ideal for engineers who want to enter the field of systems programming. It encompasses much of the same functionality of C and C++ without the difficult syntax and steep learning curve. It’s the perfect language for building web servers, data pipelines, and even machine-learning packages. GO as a compiler language runs “close to the metal” allowing for a blazing-fast runtime. Since it is an open-source language ambitious programmers can see their personal contribution adopted and enjoyed by other developers worldwide.

See the pros and Cons below.

Pros:

  • Backed by Google
  • Being a statically-typed language makes it safer
  • Cleaner syntax makes it easier to find out
  • Comprehensive normal library giving a variety of intrinsic functions for operating with primitive varieties
  • Ideal for building SPAs (single-page applications)
  • Smart documentation
  • Very fast because it is compiled to code

Cons:

  • Absence of a virtual machine makes advanced programs less economical
  • Implicit interfaces
  • Lacks skillfulness
  • No user interface library
  • Underprivileged library support

9.     Ruby

 

Ruby is a Scripting Language that is widely use for web development.  In particular, it’s used as the basis for the popular Ruby on Rails web application framework.

Having a very friendly and helpful user community, it is a good place for beginner programmers. The Ruby community even has an unofficial saying, “Matz is nice and so we are nice,” encouraging members to model their kind and considerate behavior on Ruby’s chief inventor Yukihiro Matsumoto.

Adding to t’s active community and it’s straightforward syntaxs, Ruby is also  a good language to pick up thanks to its association with great tech businesses.  Big sites that have been developed using this language include Twitter, Airbnb, Bloomberg, Shopify, and countless other startups have all built their websites using Ruby on Rails at some point.

10. R

R Programming Language is used for data analysis and machine learning. R provides an excellent framework and built-in libraries to develop powerful Machine Learning algorithms. R is also used for general statistical computing as well as graphics. R has been well adopted by enterprises. Those who wish to join “Analytics” team of a large organization should definitely learn R.

See the pros and Cons below.

Pros:

  • Ability to run seamlessly on varied operations systems
  • Active, mushrooming community
  • Being ASCII text file and free grants the flexibility to form tweaks as per the wants
  • Comprehensive applied math analysis language
  • Highly protrusible
  • Powerful package scheme

Cons:

  • Lacks safety features
  • No strict programming pointers
  • Poor memory management
  • Quality of some packages is subpar

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